What is Block Printing?
Block printing is a process of transferring an inked image from a surface cut in relief to paper, fabric, or other material. The printing block is often of wood (sometimes of linoleum or a similar substance), and the ink is a paste or liquid carrying pigment or dye. The image transfer is made by pressure, applied by any one of several methods. The process varies in technical details, in both fine arts and craft applications.
History of Block Printing:
Block Printing is one of the oldest types of printmaking, and has been around for thousands of years. There is evidence that it existed as early as the fifth century BC, with actual fragments found from as early as the fifteenth century. It has been done around the world, with roots in India, China and Japan. Since there is such a long history of block printing, there are many different techniques, but it is essentially using a carved material covered in ink to transfer an image on to paper or fabric. Block printing can be done with wood, linoleum, rubber, or many other materials.
- Wooden Blocks
- 5 Samples of Cotton Cloth 10"x10"
- Block Printing Colours - Liquid or Powder.
- Colour Fixer
- Disposable Plates, Glasses and Spoons.
- Sponge 1/2 meter sheet.
|Block Printing Dyes - Liquid and Pigments, Colour fixer and Binder paste.|
|Wooden blocks of different shapes and sizes.|
Block Printing Process:
This a fairly easy process all you need to do is that add one teaspoon of block printing colour in 4 teaspoons of binder in a glass and mix it well to make a paste. You can also do this directly on the disposable plate. Once this is done we can start with the next step. All we need to do is to pick the colour with a sponge and directly apply it on the wooden block. Once this is done apply the block directly on the cloth where ever you want the motif or design to be and press the block or tap the block with palm of your hand.
You will notice that once you pick up the block again, the motif or design gets transferred on the cotton sample with your choice of colour. Repeat the same process again and make as many designs that you can with blocks. Once you have finished working on your samples let them dry for a couple of days. Then soak them in a bucket of water with a cap of colour fixer mixed in it after this squeeze the water out and let it dry again. This will fix the block printing colours on your samples and they will not fade easily. Have Fun. :)
These are some of the samples that I made recently. Yes, it was a little messy job but the result is worth waiting for!
Border and Motif
Multiple - One motif
|Block Printing done with Gold pigment.|